Post-Completion OPT: How To Apply

When to Apply

Final UW Enrolled Quarter First Day to Submit I-20 Request to ISS
Last Day to Submit I-20 Request to ISS
Summer 2019

Quarter end date 08/23/2019

May 13, 2019 October 7, 2019

ISS needs 10 working days to process packets.

Deliver your application to USCIS by October 22, 2019 (+60 days from 08/23/2019 end of SUM 2019 quarter)

Autumn 2019

Quarter end date 12/13/2019

September 3, 2019 January 28, 2020

ISS needs 10 working days to process packets.

Deliver your application to USCIS by February 11, 2020 (+60 days from 12/13/2019 end of AUT 2019 quarter)

Winter 2020

Quarter end date 03/20/2020

 

December 6, 2019 May 4, 2020

ISS needs 10 working days to process packets.

Deliver your application to USCIS by May 19, 2020 (+60 days from 03/20/2020 end of WIN 2020 quarter)

 

Spring 2020

Quarter end date 06/12/2020

 

February 28, 2020 July 27, 2020

ISS needs 10 working days to process packets.

Deliver your application to USCIS by August 11, 2020 (+60 days from 06/12/2020 end of SPR 2020 quarter)

 

 

How to Apply

Please read the following instructions carefully. Although we in ISS provide information, the OPT application is your application. We do not approve the application or have the authority to influence the process. Please note that if you choose to travel, it could be difficult to respond to requests from USCIS about your application.

This page describes the application process – for information about reporting requirements or other topics after OPT approval, please review our page here.

Step 1. Submit your Final Quarter Reduced Course Load Request (if applicable)

If you do not need to enroll full-time in your final quarter to graduate, please submit a Final Quarter Reduced Course Load Request form to ISS before submitting your OPT application.

Skip this step if your enrollment will be full-time for immigration purposes.

Full Time for Undergraduate Students: 12 credits

Full Time for Graduate/Doctoral Students: 10 credits

>= 1 cr 700 Thesis or 800 Dissertation

2 cr ENGR 601 (*CPT credit cannot be your only credit in your final quarter)

Step 2: Request the OPT Endorsed I-20

Please prepare the following documents before completing the request for the OPT I-20 :

You will need to determine your requested OPT start date. Consider the following:

  • The “start date” is the date your work permission begins. You cannot work earlier than the start date, but you can start working later.
  • Your requested start date must be within 60 days after your program completion date. For example, if you graduate or if your final enrolled quarter ends on June 12, your start date can be no later than August 11.
  • Changing the requested OPT dates after the application has been mailed to USCIS can be very difficult. Choose your dates carefully.
  • Your approved start date is likely to be different from your requested start date, based on USCIS processing times.
  • Your 90 days of unemployment begin counting on the approved OPT start date.

Once you have prepared these documents and determined your start date, complete the Post-Completion OPT I-20 Request Form

Request Post-Completion OPT I-20

An ISS adviser will review your request, note any items missing or needing to be changed on the Form I-765, and will issue a new, updated I-20 with an OPT recommendation printed on page 2. No appointment is necessary – allow 10 business days for ISS I-20 processing.

You will receive an email from your ISS adviser or the ISS office (uwiss@uw.edu) to pick up the new I-20. You will receive a pink checklist indicating the final application materials that must be mailed to USCIS.

Step 3: Prepare Supplemental Documents

In addition to the OPT I-20 and the completed I-765, you will need to gather supplemental documents. ISS does not need to review these documents, but you may attend a Drop-In Session (see Step 4) if you have specific questions about the following documents:

  • USCIS Form I-765 filing fee (extra $85 biometric services fee is not required for OPT applications) paid by money order, personal check, cashier’s check, or credit card using Form G-1450, Authorization for Credit Card Transactions.
    • Do not send more than one method of payment
    • If you pay by check, you must make your check payable to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
    • Use extra caution when sending the G-1450 – ISS has seen a number of complications related to the credit card payment process and recommends sending a money order, personal, or cashier’s check instead of the G-1450.
  • Completed Form G-1145 (optional; it signs you up for email/text message notification of your application’s arrival at USCIS)
  • Photocopies of:
    • All previously issued I-20s (pages 1 and 2 of the redesigned I-20s, or page 1 and 3 of pre-2015 I-20)
    • Your valid passport identification page
    • Your most recent F-1 visa
  • Two passport-style photos
    • Lightly print your name and your I-94 number in pencil or felt pen on the back of each photo.
    • See the USCIS photo instructions  in the “Required Documentation” section on page 13.
    • The photos must have been taken within the last 30 days (do not use the same photos used for your F-1 visa application; USCIS might notice and will return the application).
    • The two photos should have a white background.
    • They should be printed on thin paper with a glossy finish, and be unmounted and unretouched.
    • The photos should show a passport-style, full-face image, with both ears visible.
    • The photos should be 2 by 2 inches, with the distance from the top of the head to just below the chin about 1 3/8 inches.
  • Printout of your electronic I-94 information, which can be obtained at https://i94.cbp.dhs.gov/I94/
    • With few exceptions, your I-94 should list your ‘class of admission’ as F-1 and your ‘admit until date’ as D/S.
  • Photocopy of previously issued EAD (if applicable)

Step 4: Pick Up Your Application From ISS; Mail  to USCIS

  1. Review the pink checklist, your new OPT I-20, and any notes on the Form I-765 to make sure it is complete.
  2. Sign your OPT-endorsed I-20 at the bottom of page 1 before photocopying it and adding it to your OPT application materials.
  3. OPTIONAL: Attend a drop in session at the ISS office.
    • This is recommended if you have specific questions about supplemental documents before you mail your OPT application to USCIS.
    • These sessions will not include full application packet reviews – please prepare specific questions ahead of time.
    • Drop in reviews are limited to 5 minutes per student and are first come, first served.
    • These sessions will be offered weekly on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 1:30 PM in the ISS Office lobby.
  4. Mail your entire application within 30 days of the new OPT-endorsed I-20 being issued. The application must also be received no later than 60 days after your I-20 end date. Late applications will be denied by USCIS. 
  • Do not mail your original passport, I-94, or I-20.
  • Make copies of everything that you send – including the I-765.
  • It is recommended you send your application by certified mail, return receipt requested.
  • If you live in Washington state mail the entire application to:
    • For U.S. Postal Service (USPS) Deliveries

      USCIS
      PO Box 21281
      Phoenix, AZ 85036

    • For Express Mail and Courier Service Deliveries

      USCIS
      Attn: AOS
      1820 E. Skyharbor Circle S.
      Suite 100
      Phoenix, AZ 85034

    • If you reside outside of Washington state, review the USCIS mailing instructions to find the correct Lockbox location.

After You Mail Your OPT Application to USCIS

USCIS will send you a receipt notice (I-797 Notice of Action) confirming receipt of your OPT application, assigning a receipt date and case number. Carefully review the notice to make sure your name is spelled correctly. If it is not, contact your ISS adviser immediately.

You may use the case number on your receipt notice to check the status of your application online. It is normal for your case status to say ‘case received’ for most of the 3-5 month processing period.

If you receive an RFE, returned application, or denied application, notify ISS immediately. Complete the “Have a Question” form. It may be necessary for ISS to provide a new I-20 before you can respond to the USCIS inquiry or resubmit your OPT application.

You may not begin employment until USCIS approves the OPT application and you have received your Employment Authorization Document (EAD). Authorized OPT dates will be on your EAD.

REVIEW the reporting requirements, employment, and travel rules that apply to you during your OPT year.

WARNING
You must report your practical training/employment using the SEVP Portal. If you do not report your practical training/employment, the U.S. government will terminate your F-1 SEVIS record 90 days after the OPT start date printed on your EAD card. A terminated SEVIS record cancels the OPT authorization and requires you to leave the U.S.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens if I move after I mail my OPT application?

Warning!  The only way to change the address USCIS uses for your OPT-related mail is to submit an official change of address to USCIS using their website tools. The U.S. Postal Service can’t forward official government mail (like OPT cards) to a new address.

How long does it take to get approved for OPT?

Between 3-5 months from the date USCIS receives your application, though it can be faster depending on the time of year.

I have heard there is a 60-day grace period after I graduate to depart the US. Do I have to leave if the government hasn’t finished my OPT processing?

No. The 60-day grace period does not apply to students who are waiting for the government to process their OPT application. As long as your application arrived by the government’s deadlines, you can stay in the US and wait until it is processed.

What is my immigration status while my OPT is pending?

You are still an F-1 Student while your OPT application is pending. OPT is a benefit of F-1 status, it is not a new visa type or status.

If I change my mind and decide not to work, can I cancel my OPT authorization?

The answer depends on your situation. If you were issued a new I-20 with the OPT recommendation but have not yet mailed your application to USCIS, fill out the ‘Have a Question?’ form on our website in order to notify us of your change in plans. ISS can cancel the OPT recommendation.

If you have already mailed your application to USCIS, a request can be submitted to USCIS to halt processing. Your application fee will not be returned and we cannot guarantee that your request will be honored. Submit the ‘Have a Question?’ form in order to get help from an ISS adviser.

If you have received your EAD card and wish to cancel the authorization, fill out the ‘Have a Question?’ form on our website in order to notify us of your change in plans. A cancellation in this situation is highly unlikely. OPT applications are not meant to be cancelled.

I didn’t submit my OPT application early enough, and I realize I might not get the OPT start date I requested. How do I know what date USCIS will authorize?

Unfortunately it is difficult to estimate. The authorization depends on when the application arrives and the workload at USCIS. If they process your application after your requested start date, they might push back the start date to their day of processing, up to 60 days after your program end date. However, there is no way to predict what date it will be.

How long does it take to get the Receipt Notice/Notice of Action (NOA)?

Approximately two to three weeks after USCIS receives your application. You might verify with your bank whether your check has been cashed. If so, the NOA is likely on the way.

When I receive my EAD card, should I give a copy to ISS?

No, you do not need to provide a copy of your EAD to ISS. Also, ISS does not make copies of EADs. Be sure to make both digital and paper photocopies of your EAD for your own records.

What happens if my EAD card has incorrect information on it?

  1. Wait to receive a job offer so you can show your EAD to your employer. The correction process may require you to mail the incorrect EAD to USCIS. Ideally, you should wait to request the correction after your employer has copied your EAD for hiring purposes.
  2. To correct the EAD, submit a request through the USCIS website to correct a typographic error.

I have heard that I can apply for a “temporary” EAD card. Is this true?

In the past, students were able to apply for a temporary EAD card if their application was pending for more than 90 days. Processes have changed, and the government no longer issues temporary EADs. If your application is pending for more than 5 months, submit the ‘Have a Question?’ form in order to get help from an ISS adviser.

What if I lose my EAD card?

If you lose your card, you must apply and pay for a replacement. Complete a new Form I-765 and resubmit it to USCIS with all supporting documents, including the fee. Submit the ‘Have a Question?’ form and request an updated I-20. We recommend you keep your EAD at home (not in your wallet) because of the expense and time in applying for a replacement.

I am a graduate student and I’ve completed all required coursework. I only have thesis or dissertation remaining. Can I apply for OPT authorization to begin before I graduate?

You can apply for either pre-completion OPT or post-completion OPT. There are advantages and disadvantages to consider when deciding which option works best for you. Here is an overview. We recommend you schedule an appointment with your ISS adviser to further discuss your options.

Pre-completion OPT

Pre-completion OPT is only valid while you are a student finishing your thesis or dissertation. The OPT start and end date must fall before your I-20 expires and your final quarter of enrollment.

Pros
  • You are not subject to the 90-day unemployment limit.
  • Your I-20 can be extended if you need more time to complete your thesis/dissertation.
Cons
  • You must continue to register full-time (which may or may not be a requirement from your department depending on your funding and/or defense quarter.)
  • When you graduate, you must submit a separate post-completion OPT application and another application fee.
  • There is the risk of a gap in employment authorization if you must submit a second OPT application and the timing is not perfect.
  • It is challenging to take advantage of the full 12 months of OPT allotted to you because of the dual applications.

Post-completion OPT

Post-completion OPT can begin either while you complete your thesis/dissertation or after you graduate. Procedurally, however, the OPT start date can only fall after the I-20 end date, so your I-20 will be shortened to the end of the quarter in which you submit the OPT application.

Pros
  • You will only submit one application and fee.
  • You are not required to register for the purpose of maintaining F1 status (though you must consult with your department about Graduate School registration requirements depending on your funding, defense quarter, and ability to apply for on-leave status).
Cons
  • You are subject to the 90-day unemployment limit, an added pressure if you still need to focus on your thesis/dissertation.
  • The I-20 cannot be extended. If you do not complete your thesis/dissertation within the OPT period, your F-1 status ends when the OPT expires, and you must travel and reenter with a new I-20 to continue your studies.